October is National Breast Cancer Awareness Month

What is Breast Cancer?


Breast cancer is a tumor in the breast that forms when cells grow and divide out control. The tumor usually grows slowly and may take years before it is  discovered. However, there are some tumors that grow quickly and are extremely aggressive. Both men and women can devlope breast cancer. Women and men are treated the same way and have the same survival rate when in the identical stage of cancer. Men are usually diagnosed at a later stage because it takes them longer to report an abnormality.


What are the Symptoms?


Symptoms may include lumps or knots in the breast or armpit, swelling or redness on the breast, change in size, dimples in the skin, rashes or itchy skin, abnormal discharge, or constant soreness. It is best to see your primary care physician to know if these are signs of cancer. You should examine your breasts  daily to know what is normal for you. When you notice something abnormal please contact your doctor.


What are the Risk Factors?



  • Aging
  • Inherited Gene Mutations
  • Family History of Breast Cancer
  • Lack of Exercise
  •  Over Weight
  • Hormone Therapy
  • Bone density
  • Previously Diagnosis of Cancer




How can you Prevent against Breast Cancer?


There are several ways you can prevent against breast cancer. One of the best ways to prevent against breast cancer is to get screened. If you are over 40 years old you should get a mammogram every year. It is also beneficial to perform a daily breast exam. Another prevention is to be physically active, maintaining a healthy weight, and eating healthy. Eating healthy includes avoiding fatting foods, limit red and processed meat, eating 2.5 cups of fruits and vegetables every day, reduce salt, and drink alcohol in moderation.


How do I know if I have Breast Cancer?


The best way to know if you have breast cancer is to get tested. These tests usually happen when you or your doctor finds a lump in your breast or if you have an abnormal mammogram. If cancer cannot be ruled out by a mammogram you will need a biopsy. A biopsy removes cells or tissue from the area and is studied under a microscope. If cancer is found early, it can frequently be treated successfully.


How do you Treat Breast Cancer?

There are several ways to treat breast cancer. Treatment is based on the size of the tumor, the tumor grade and type, the tumor characteristics, and the lymph node status. If diagnosed, you should discuss with your oncologist the best treatment for you. Some of the most common treatments are:

  • Surgery
  • Radiation therapy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Hormone therapy
  • Chemotherapy drugs



** Please call 773-702-0660 to make an appointment at Friend Family Health Center to know more about risks and prevention against breast cancer.**

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>

Current month ye@r day *